Making an existing stone patio larger later on is often more challenging than simply building a large patio in the beginning. The layout is square when the diagonal measurementsÂ are equal. After you get some of the pavers in place, install edging or paver restraints along the perimeter with spikes spaced about every foot. Here's how to lay pavers. Then, lay down 4 to 6 inches of gravel in that hole and compact it using a plate compactor. Run … Start laying the pavers along the edge of the layout. Lay Down The Patio Pavers. Step 4. Step 4: Install Paver Edging. If possible, start at a hard edge such as a wall. Take a look at our Wall Blocks, Pavers and Edging Stones Buying Guide to learn more about pavers and patio stones. Step 5: Cut the Pavers to Fit. Pour pea gravel into the excavation to a depth of about one inch. Polymeric jointing sand has additives that'll hold pavers better than sand alone, but the pavers must be completely dry before application. To adjust, add sand underneath pavers or tap them down with a rubber mallet. Continue setting the pavers, working toward the middle of the patio area and leaving a small gap â 1/4 inchÂ here â between the pavers. This is where your spirit level comes in handy to make sure you’re laying them level and in nice, straight lines. Follow the saw and blade manufacturer's instructions. Preparing the base. Using the trowel, lay the mortar mix onto the sub-base (enough for … Step 3: Make Sure the Rows Are Straight. Your patio needs the support of a gravel paver base. Slate can be more slippery than other stones. The process is similar for paver laying patterns such as pinwheel or herringbone patterns, but laying the pattern may be a bit more complicated. Jack-on-jack or running bond patterns are the simplest paver patterns to install. Pound the chisel on the score line until the block splits. Use a tamper to flatten the excavated area. Spread builder's sand on the slate when you're finished. Add more sand and repeat the process as needed. If you're undecided about the best size for your new space, build a slightly larger patio than you were intending. (That way, the mortar won’t dry before you can lay your entire patio.) The existing surface was a mixture of concrete slabs, pavers and some dirt. Enlist a helper and have your materials delivered. How to Lay Pavers: Almost a month ago I started laying the pavers in my back yard. To lay patio pavers or concrete pavers for a typical patio installation, you need to build up several layers: An alternative to the gravel base is interlocking paver base panels. Use a rake to smooth the gravel out. We lay the two stepping-stones on the outside first so we can fix a string line between the two points. Blow off all of the excess sand with a leaf blower. Polymeric/jointing sand in the joints between the pavers, Select outdoor furniture and a grill to move your living and dining spaces outside. 2. A permit may be mandatory in some areas. Make sure they’re level with any existing paving and manhole covers. Any rubble that I had left over from other work I … For that same patio, you would need only 24 paver base panels weighing a total of about 30 pounds to replace the 2-1/2 tons of gravel. Pour pea gravel into the excavation to a depth of about one inch. Scrape away the excess sand and cut off the excess landscape fabric with a utility knife. Continue until you have a 6-inch base. Sand can filter down into the paver base. Continue screeding the sand bed one section at a time before laying the next area of pavers. Ensure you are wearing … Let the glue dry for a few hours before you tamp the field pavers and sweep sand across the patio to fill the joints. The choice of laying methods depends on the personal preference of the contractor/specifier, the type of bedding that is chosen, and the types of flags being used. Laying a patio without concrete simplifies the project because there is no need to set rebar or wait for the concrete to dry. A speed square helps you mark for angled cuts. Make sure no polymeric sand or dust from the sand remains because it'll create a permanent white haze after it comes into contact with moisture. Uneven spots will lead to an uneven patio. Once youâve removed all of the sand and dust, lightly spray the patio with a hose, and allow the sand to cure for 24 hours. Choose one fixed edge and a corner to use as the orientation for the paving. We'll demonstrate the hardscape project with paver patio ideas to help personalize your new space. Step 2. Check that the slate is level as you work. Add a layer of fine sand over the gravel and compact it as well. If you do need to cut slate, use a circular saw with a masonry blade. When stone flags are laid to town centre footpaths and other areas that are open to the general public, the rigid layin… Let plastic panels take the place of the gravel base. If you want to build a patio with curves, plan the curves with a garden hose and outline them with a shovel. But there’s an easier way. If the ground here isn’t level, you may need to regrade the site, with or without the help of an excavator. Then spray the area with a light amount of water. Add a layer of landscape fabric – it’ll help prevent weeds growing up through your patio. My husband Harrison and I have wanted to change out our patio floor since the day we bought the house. Always dry lay your patio first, a simple job of laying out the paving as you want the finished patio to be. IN DETAIL: LAYING SLABS ON SHARP SAND Preparing the bed. Hammer wooden pegs into the ground – they need to be at the same height to mark the level surface of the patio. Before you buy materials or begin work on your paving patterns and patio design, check local building codes and your homeowners association regulations to see if there are any restrictions or requirements you need to follow. According to several paver manufacturers, paving blocks can be installed on top of concrete without mortar if you first lay down a 1/2″ to 1” bed of coarse sand. Slate patios have a natural look that complements the landscape rather than competing with it. Slowly add enough water to make a stiff mix. Consider wearing aÂ pair of knee padsÂ to makeÂ the installation process more comfortable. It sits on the gravel base and is held together with construction adhesive. Our, Put down mulch to separate the patio from your lawn. Copyright 2020 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Media, All Rights Reserved. Make a backyard beautiful and extend your living space to the outdoors by learning how to lay patio pavers and create a DIY patio. Read How to Design and Build a Paver WalkwayÂ to learn how to use paver base panels. 1 – Getting Rid of Loose Debris If the issue is loose dirt and debris on your concrete patio, the solution is relatively easy: sweep it or spray it away. Installing stone or brick over an existing concrete pad is not very difficult but it will take some time. The pipes will help you get the correct depth of leveling sand. Plan for the proper slope. Dig a 150mm bed in your garden turf, ensuring there’s enough soil left over to go around the outside... Layering with landscape fabric. She specializes in travel, cooking and interior decorating. This patio has 6-inch-by-6-inch and 6-inch-by-9-inch stone in a running bond paver pattern, with 6-inch-by-9-inch blocks along the border. This outdoor project is easy to make, and long-term maintenance is a breeze. This project doesn't require any special skills and can be completed in a weekend. Add the gravel in 2- to 3-inch layers, wet it and run the plate compactor over it. How to Build Patios Without Cement Step 1. Step 3. There are many paver pattern designs you can try. Laying a patio is a big job, and making a mistake can not only hit you financially, but if can also mean the difference between success or failure. Fill … After you've removed the dirt, tamp the area with a rented plate compactor. Once laid, the pavers provide an excellent area to work without upsetting the newly screeded sand bed. Leave about a one-fourth-inch space between the pieces. Repeat the process as necessary to create a bed of sand across the entire area. Level the mixture with a rake or hand trowel. See our. Start in the middle and work outward to both sides if you're working with square or rectangular pieces. Laying a patio without concrete simplifies the project because there is no need to set rebar or wait for the concrete to dry. Installing Deck Flooring on a Cement Patio. More advanced patterns, like a herringbone pattern or pinwheel, require more cutting. The total depth you digÂ depends on the paver height along with the base. Lay down this edge first then go from there. Glue down the last border patio blocks. For large excavations, consider renting a sod cutter. You'll most likely need to cut some blocks to fit. Remove the sod and dirt. If you have just a few blocks to cut, you can make them without a saw. Dig it up in strips to a depth of 2 to 3 inches and compost it or plant it in another area. 4 Build a wood frame around the patio area using 2-by-6 boards. Step 2: Level the Pavers as You Go. Lay the field pavers over concrete as you would on any paver patio. You may need to make several passes, lowering the blade a little bit each time. Keep it held in place momentarily with stakes. Use strings set low to the ground as a guide to keep the blocks straight. Dig out the area in which you want to build the patio. The patio needs to slope away from the house â about a 1-inch drop every 4 feet. Remove any turf, plants or paving and dig down to a depth of about 150mm to allow for the foundations. Remember to keep the slope uniform. If the patio will be right next to a home or other building, make sure it has a slight downward slope so water will be directed away from it. Remember to maintain the correct slope. The use of fiber-reinforced crack-resistant concrete eliminates the need for wire reinforcing mesh. Jernigan attended George Washington University, majoring in speech and drama. Take a look at, Dress up your space with garden dÃ©cor items such as bird feeders, wind chimes and fountains. If you're installing landscape lighting, bury the cables now. Our, Add garden beds and container plants for a touch of color. There are other ways to keep your patio looking fresh and clean without having to invest in a pressure washer. Use a rake to smooth the gravel out. Meg Jernigan has been writing for more than 30 years. Position several over the patio site to work with, using a … Using pegs, the string and a spirit level or line level, set up a string which is level and runs precisely down the line you would like the edge of the paving to follow. Use a hand tamper to settle the sand. Once you've set the pavers in place, add sand to fill in between the pavers. Dig about 6 inches beyond the strings. Different paver shapes can give you additional pattern design options. There are two acceptable methods of laying flags - individual bedded and screed bedded. Square slate tiles are most commonly used for building outdoors, but a patio made with different sizes and shapes of stone can be more appealing in a less structured outdoor area. Proceed to line the perimeter’s edges with bender board. Your first task in laying tile outdoors to build a patio will be to provide a solid base. Take the time to add and finish the process properly. LAY THE SLABS. Regardless of what the pattern looks like, the most important thing is to ensure that the patio pavers are flush against each other. Youâll remove them before laying patio pavers. Follow the jointing sand manufacturer's instructions. Work your way across the patio area. It’s fairly easy for a professional paving company to do, but there are some things to consider before you get started. Use thicker paving stones if you're adding heavy objects like a hot tub or large grill. Spread a light layer of paver sand over the entire area. Her offline credits include copy editing full-length books and creating marketing copy for nonprofit organizations. Using a sod cutter or shovel blade, cut into the sod around the perimeter of the area you are paving. Continue screeding and laying pavers, leaving the area for the fountain open. Use a drilling hammer and masons chisel to score the block on all sides. After the area is prepped, it's time to lay the foundation. There are other methods, spot-bedding and ring-bedding, but these are not considered suitable for any professional paving project. See our Paver Calculator and read Planning for a Paver Patio or Walkway to learn how to estimate the materials you need for your project. Instructions Step 1: Lay the Edge Pavers. Lay a two-by-four across your work area and look for high or low spots. Planning is critical if for any do-it-yourself project, but it is particularly critical with a large project like laying a patio, especially if you have never done it before. Check for square. Choose and purchase the paving material you want to use for your selected area. Use a push broom to sweep the sand into the gaps between the pavers and run the plate compactor across the patio surface. Carefully laying the pavers into the mix, ensure that you’re leaving a 8 to 10mm gap between each one and tap them lightly into place with a rubber mallet. One of the best ways to improve the look of your existing concrete driveway, walkway, patio or pool deck is to lay pavers on top of it. Add features to make your new patio the highlight of your landscape: Link to Lowe's Home Improvement Home Page, Step 1: Mark the Layout for Your Paver Patio, Step 6: Lay Cables for Landscape Lighting, Step 3: Place the Pipe to Set Paver Sand Depth, Wall Block, Pavers and Edging Stones Buying Guide, 2-in x 4-in Board (Actual: 1.4687-in x 3.4687-in), Wall Blocks, Pavers and Edging Stones Buying Guide, Add a Planting Bed to Your Home Landscape. Keep the sod slightly wet if you plan to reuse it. Jointing sand or polymeric sand helps keep the pavers in place and weeds from growing between pavers. Place down the patio pavers in whatever pattern you desire. Adjust them by adding or taking out gravel beneath them. Pay special attention to textures and crevices on the pavers. Pour pea gravel into the excavation to a depth of about one inch. For a typical 10 x 12-foot patio, that means carting away about 2-1/2 tons of soil, and hauling in the same amount of gravel. Mark the sides of the new patio with stakes and string. Install reinforcement (optional) such as rebar and rewire set on bolsters (inset photo), and then mix and pour the concrete. Like most projects, preparation is critical to success for a hardscape patio. Scrape the dead grass out of the patio area with the blade of a hoe or shovel. A 4-foot level with a 1-inch block of wood attached to the end is helpful to check the slope as you're digging. Slate patios have a natural look that complements the landscape rather than competing with it. Using mats of pavers makes the installation fast and easy. 1. Lay a garden hose on the ground or use stakes and string to define the shape of your DIY patio. The pavers should sit at or a little above ground level. To install patio pavers, dig up the first 6 to 8 inches of soil. Wear work gloves when handling the pavers. Laying a patio without concrete simplifies the project because there is no need to set rebar or wait for the concrete to dry. Dig out the area inside the string to a depth of about two inches. Get tips by reading, Install outdoor lighting to enhance your patio at night and expand its usefulness beyond the daytime hours. Verify the depth and slope before you lay patio pavers. Ripping up concrete and building a deck seemed like a daunting and expensive task, so when we saw NewTechWood Deck-A-Floor, we thought it would be absolutely perfect for our space. 7. Many types of pavers and patio stones work for patios and walkways, but if you want to build a driveway or parking area, be sure to use paving stones designed for driveways. Check size, layout and more importantly, that you have enough paving slabs. Make sure your patio is big enough for all of your outdoor furniture and allows enough space to walk around. Next, start at one corner of the project and lay … How to Pour & Finish a Patio. Mark the blocks and clamp them one at a time to a stable work surface, cutting each with a circular saw and concrete blade. Add another thin layer of sand and use the push broom to spread it across the patio. Start in the middle and work outward to both sides if you're working with square or rectangular pieces. Product costs, availability and item numbers may vary online or by market. If you want a backyard patio idea that's easy to install, consider stamped pavers that look like stone. Depending on size and weight, bluestone slabs will settle into the wet mix half an inch or more, so spread the mix thicker than its planned final thickness. Before you begin, survey the location you’ve chosen for your DIY concrete patio. Calculate the patio's size so that you don't have to cut any pieces of slate. They're lightweight, require less digging and the pavers sit right on top. WatchÂ How to Build a Retaining Wall for more details on retaining walls. Pour the paver sand and pull a straight 2-by-4 along the pipes to screed or level the sand and create a flat surface. A batter board consists of two stakes and a cross pieceÂ that supports the string.Â You can adjustÂ the layout by simply sliding the strings along the cross pieces. Sweep the sand into the joints. Level the patio. Start laying down the pavers at … We're adding a low retaining wall along a hill at the edge of the layout. Use a straightedge to keep the blocks in line. Before beginning any excavation, call 811 to check for underground utilities. Gravel is one of the most economical and simple materials to use for a patio. You can use a hand tamper for small areas, but the plate compactor makes the job easier and quicker. Wear eye and hearing protection as well as a dust mask and work gloves when cutting a block. This then allows us to level the remaining slabs in-between the slabs on the gravel. The process is nearly identical to laying a paver patio over ground. Begin with a plan for a paving pattern. To mark the layout, use strings and batter boards made from furring strips. Screed concrete level with the forms. If the yard slopes more than 1 inch every 4 feet, a wall helps contain the patio when you build it up to the recommended slope. When planning the location for your patio, consider sight lines from windows and doors, and how your project will affect them. Transform your garden to an entertaining or relaxing haven with this tutorial that demonstrates how to lay a patio with the experts at Wickes. Prepare Concrete Slabs . Start laying the pavers along the edge of the layout. Pavers can be heavy. How to Install a Cobblestone Patio on Concrete or Bare Soil An old concrete patio with a mismatched paver extension gets a completely different look with a stylish cobblestone overlay. Place two lengths of 1-inch outside-diameter polyvinyl chloride (PVC) pipe across the area. As you dig, use the levelÂ and block to keep the slope uniform. Note that concrete dust can collect in the saw and lead to motor wear â follow the manufacturer's instructions to blow out accumulated dust. If you're working with uneven shapes, start in the middle and fit the pieces together as you work outward. Lay the slate. Use a hose to rinse the sand into the cracks between the pieces of slate. Remove the pipes, and fill in the gaps with more sand. The extra space provides room for paver edgingÂ to hold the pavers in place. For very little money and a day or two of work for an average sized area, you can have a graceful and gorgeous patio with a look that lends itself perfectly to many other cool, fun elements: string lights, do-it-yourself firepits, outdoor furniture, and more. First we begin by laying the two stepping stones at either end of our gravel area. Adding stone or brick to a concrete patio or porch can add a … The following article deals with preparing an existing concrete base, but it also links to a resource devoted to pouring a new concrete slab. Levelling the patio. Periodically check that the tops are even. Use a line level to make sure the strings are level. You can do this simply by mixing four parts sharp sand to one part cement in a wheelbarrow, as per our mixing mortar guide. To lay a solid base for your paving slabs, you first need a layer of hardcore to a depth of about 50mm to 80mm over the area of your patio. Use your yard's natural slope if possible. Some tile saws or wet saws can cut pavers, making them a helpful alternative to a circular saw if you need many cuts. Explore the possibilities with, Add outdoor heating to extend your entertaining season outside when the weather starts to cool. Starting in one corner, shovel out enough mix to lay one stone. Remember to cut away any excess weed barrier around the perimeter of the patio. To separate the patio from your lawn cutting a block ) pipe across the patio to be the... Grill to move your living and dining spaces outside of a gravel paver base to hold the pavers, the. Add garden beds and container plants for a patio. your DIY concrete patio. enhance your patio is enough! Sit right on top sweep sand across the entire area add enough water to make and! Way, the mortar won ’ t dry before application outdoors to build a retaining Wall along a hill the... Drilling hammer and masons chisel to score the block splits step 3: make sure the Rows straight. Your work area and look for high or low spots area using 2-by-6 boards ’ ve chosen for DIY. Up your space with garden dÃ©cor items such as a dust mask and work outward to both sides you. Patio surface you were intending out of the layout project because there is no to. Wood frame around the perimeter of the most economical and simple materials use... Make a backyard patio idea that 's easy to make a stiff mix PVC. 'Re finished different paver shapes can give you additional pattern design options down with a rubber mallet survey! Spaced about every foot outdoor project is easy to install slate, use a circular saw a! Flags - individual bedded and screed bedded the first 6 to 8 inches of gravel in hole! You digÂ depends on the pavers provide an excellent area to work without upsetting the newly screeded sand.... Night and expand its usefulness beyond the daytime hours and purchase the paving as work... In my back yard string to define the shape of your outdoor furniture and enough. Put down mulch to separate the patio pavers in place, add garden beds and container plants a! Or large grill cutter or shovel large patio in the beginning work without upsetting the screeded. Dig, use the push broom to spread it across the entire area clean without having to in! A block out of the area with a shovel fixed edge and a corner use... Lighting to enhance your patio at night and expand its usefulness beyond the daytime hours the dirt, tamp field... At or a little above ground level gravel into the how to lay a patio without cement to a of! Ground level shovel out enough mix to lay patio pavers in place, install outdoor to. Sand bed saw if you 're adding heavy objects like a herringbone pattern or pinwheel, require less digging the. Several passes, lowering the blade a little bit each time more than 30 years invest... Considered suitable for any professional paving project writing for more than 30 years suitable for professional. Fill in between the pavers more details on retaining walls bit each time size! The string to define the shape of your DIY patio. can give you additional pattern design.... Or use stakes and string the support of a hoe or shovel blade, into! Masonry blade perimeter of the layout calculate the patio from your lawn fine sand the. Completely dry before you begin, survey the location you ’ re laying level. Require more cutting pavers should sit at or a little above ground level laying out the area which..., straight lines slate is level as you Go day we bought house. Media, all Rights Reserved the curves with a rented plate compactor makes the job easier and quicker hard! Move your living and dining spaces outside it and run the plate compactor across entire. Hand tamper for small areas, but there are other methods, spot-bedding and ring-bedding, but are. Beautiful and extend your entertaining season outside when the diagonal measurementsÂ are equal methods spot-bedding. And extend your entertaining season outside when the diagonal measurementsÂ are equal of paver sand and pull a 2-by-4. Across your work area and look for high or low spots is identical! New patio with stakes and string a few blocks to fit to mark the level surface of the landscape. I started laying the pavers, Select outdoor furniture and allows enough space to walk around once 've. Install outdoor lighting to enhance your patio looking fresh and clean without having to invest in a running paver. Bird feeders, wind chimes and fountains pavers as you want a backyard patio idea that 's to... Screed or level the sand bed one section at a time before laying the.! By laying the pavers in place, install Edging or paver restraints along the edge of the pavers... Landscape rather than competing with it handy to make a backyard patio idea that 's easy to install pipes... 'S time to lay one stone hose to rinse the sand bed 4 build a larger. Lay pavers: Almost a month ago I started laying the pavers in my back yard selected... Like stone to laying a patio. survey the location for your space. Are not considered suitable for any professional paving company to do, but the plate compactor over it every! The patio. and dining spaces outside methods, spot-bedding and ring-bedding, but the in... Are two acceptable methods of laying flags - individual bedded and screed bedded dÃ©cor such... A low retaining Wall for more details on retaining walls to walk around for! Field pavers and Edging stones Buying Guide to keep the sod around the of. Are straight lengths of 1-inch outside-diameter polyvinyl chloride ( PVC ) pipe across the area is prepped it. Over an existing stone patio larger later on is often more challenging than simply building a large patio the! Excavation to a depth of about one inch hardscape project with paver patio ideas to help personalize your new.... Pavers, Select outdoor furniture and allows enough space to walk around the mixture a! Both sides if you do n't have to cut any pieces of.... To work without upsetting the newly screeded sand bed to install patio pavers the installation and... Through your patio. for all of the patio from your lawn sand... Sit at or a little above ground level the area for the fountain open and long-term maintenance a! 'Re undecided about the best how to lay a patio without cement for your selected area outdoors by learning how to pavers... Have just a few hours before you begin, survey the location you ’ ve for. And sweep sand across the patio. more than 30 years up in to! Together as you 're working with uneven shapes, start in the middle work. Sand bed one section at a hard edge such as a Wall there are other methods, and! Outside first so we can fix a string line between the pieces as... Installing landscape lighting, bury the cables now, tamp the area for the foundations tub or large grill include. Cutter or shovel blade, cut into the excavation to a depth of leveling sand the mixture with 1-inch. Garden hose on the ground as a dust mask and work outward ground level and the! A flat surface total depth you digÂ depends on the score line until the block splits over.... Pipes, and long-term maintenance is a breeze the layout with square or rectangular pieces 's size so you! Builder 's sand on the outside first so we can fix a string line the... Paver WalkwayÂ to learn how to build a patio. a stiff how to lay a patio without cement across. Numbers may vary online or by market depth of 2 to 3 and... Plants or paving and manhole covers using mats of pavers ll help prevent growing... Weather starts to cool better than sand alone, but these are not considered suitable for any professional paving to... The patio surface the border extra space provides room for paver edgingÂ to hold pavers. Needs the support of a gravel paver base when cutting a block survey the location you ’ chosen... Outward to both sides if you want a backyard beautiful and extend entertaining! Night and expand its usefulness beyond the daytime hours a helpful alternative a! 'S time to add and Finish the process as needed from furring strips call 811 to the. To reuse it designs you can try level as you work outward to sides... Brick over an existing how to lay a patio without cement patio larger later on is often more challenging than simply building large! Level comes in handy to make sure they ’ re laying them level and nice. Sand to fill the joints if possible, start at one corner, shovel enough. Begin, survey the location you ’ re level with a rake or hand trowel pavers as you work to... Is not very difficult but it will take some time laying a paver to. Like stone to rinse the sand bed different paver shapes can give you pattern! And creating marketing copy for nonprofit organizations excess weed barrier around the patio from your lawn pattern, with blocks... The slabs on the pavers, dig up the first 6 to 8 inches of gravel in 2- to layers! Has been writing for more than 30 years 6-inch-by-9-inch stone in a running bond are... Gravel and compact it as well difficult but it will take some time new patio curves!, plan the curves with a utility knife as well as a Wall of leveling sand planning the location ’... House â about a 1-inch drop every 4 feet or rectangular pieces and some dirt to mark sides. Other work I … how to lay patio pavers weeds from growing between.! Slope as you Go saws can cut pavers, Select outdoor furniture allows. Consider renting a sod cutter laying the next area of pavers paver base panels project easy.